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Pasteur

Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Donald E. Stokes

Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation


Pasteur.s.Quadrant.Basic.Science.and.Technological.Innovation.pdf
ISBN: 0815781776,9780815781776 | 228 pages | 6 Mb


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Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation Donald E. Stokes
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press




Louis Pasteur and modern science. Unless on subscribes to some species of idealism or essentialism, strictly speaking the term basic or fundamental research has no meaning outside its use as a statistical household word: in other words it is historically and socially contingent . Stokes DE: Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. The punchline of the book is encapsulated in this article by Stokes [link]. Stokes has written a book entitled Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Innovation, Technology Transfer. This journal are later associated with a patent by their authors, and nearly everything in the journal plausibly discusses something that could be patented; research in this intersection of basic and applied technology is what Stokes famously called “Pasteur's Quadrant. Brookings Institution Press, Washington, DC. In Pasteur's Quadrant, Donald Stokes outlines the historically different relationships between science and technology. Stark, Juliana Novic, Sharon L. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press; 1997. Pasteur's quadrant: Basic science and technological innovation. Smith, Benjamin Stanley, Barbara L. Oleh karenanya, Stokes (1997) dalam bukunya berjudul, “Pasteur” Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation, “ menyajikan dalam bentuk suatu matriks penelitian. Her work generally revolves around the intersection of commercial science, with its secrecy and licenses, and “open science” following the usual academia playbook. 1997 Pasteur's Qudrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. An alternative model in which science and practice develop seamlessly is represented in the remarkable career of Louis Pasteur.